Did Jesus abolish the Law or not?

Matthew 5:17-19 and Ephesians 2:14-15

No. (Matt. 5:17),Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.”

(Matt. 18) “For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.”

(Matt. 19) “Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.”

Yes. (Eph. 2:14-15),For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, 15 by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace.”

In Matthew 5:17-19  Jesus is speaking about the Old Testament principles and authority of rule and revelation. When Jesus said that He came to fulfill the law, He came to establish it and demonstrate how it pointed to Him and how He would live it perfectly.

Some mistakenly think that this statement addresses whether believers should still keep the law and spend many hours arguing about what ‘fulfill‘ means, when it should be obvious to all of us what that word means.

So we need to understand that, in verse 17, Jesus is talking about the validity of the Hebrew Scriptures – He is not talking about obedience among the faithful! Failure to understand this point has caused much confusion. Like some believer i know called Jimmy, Reza & Ikram.

In Eph. 2:14-15, Paul is speaking about how the gentiles who were called the uncircumcised :

(v. 11), Don’t forget that you Gentiles used to be outsiders. You were called “uncircumcised heathens” by the Jews, who were proud of their circumcision, even though it affected only their bodies and not their hearts.

were separated from Christ

(v. 12In those days you were living apart from Christ. You were excluded from citizenship among the people of Israel, and you did not know the covenant promises God had made to them. You lived in this world without God and without hope

Jesus removed the requirement of having to follow the Law in order to please God, established justification by faith, and thereby united both Jew and Gentile into one group in Christ.

(v. 13) But now you have been united with Christ Jesus. Once you were far away from God, but now you have been brought near to him through the blood of Christ.

This is when Paul says in verse 15 that he abolished in his flesh the enmity which is the law of commandments in ordinances. The Law was that which separated Jew from Gentile and since it has been fulfilled in Christ, it is no longer something that would separate Jew and Gentile.

(v. 15)  He did this by ending the system of law with its commandments and regulations. He made peace between Jews and Gentiles by creating in himself one new people from the two groups.

As we can see, some commands are temporary and only for a certain time. This is also true for the Old Testament laws, many of the Old Testament laws are given new meaning in the New Testament.

Jesus initially tells His listeners, and you and I today, that, despite everything, the Old Testament must continue to be considered as ‘Holy Writ‘. Indeed He Himself would fulfil numerous things written therein. Jesus was concerned that we should all continue to learn about, and to be inspired, by people like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses and the Prophets – indeed so many things in the Old Testament continually point to Jesus. So the Old Covenant might be dead, but the Old Testament must not be put aside.

In that instance, Gentiles becomes a reference to pagan cultures of the period.

Standards which we must aim for are above and beyond the tendo’sanddon’tsof those commands. The new righteousness which we start to find in our lives is truly not ours but Christ’s as the Holy Spirit (Ruhu Al-qadoos) gradually starts to refashion us – this is sanctification. If God (Allah) were to remove His bounteous grace from us, we would fall again instantly!

Why Did Jesus Say to Pluck Out Our Eye If It Offends

Us (Matthew 5:27-30)?

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 
29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell.

Christ does not intend for us to take this instruction literally. Jesus does not want sinners to become physically handicapped. Because sin begins in the mind, the eye, the hand, or the foot cannot sin of and by themselves. Even without these body parts, a person can still sin.

Our Savior often employs figures of speech in His preaching. Here, He is simply using parts of the body to elucidate an important principle—that a believer should not tolerate sin in his life. Once a sin becomes apparent, we should take immediate steps to eliminate it from our lives. By using the striking example of amputation, Christ also illustrates that the process of overcoming sin may be as painful as losing an arm, a leg, or an eye. Ultimately, it is far better to give up a sinful pleasure than to lose out on salvation (Hebrews 11:23-26).

The apostle Paul expands Jesus’ instruction in Colossians 3:1-17.

17 And whatever you do, whether in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.

“Take what the Messenger Gives You and Abstain from what he Forbids you”

This is a small part of a whole verse quoted in isolation, out of context. The verse in full form is in the context of a war and reads:

Whatever gains Allah has turned over to His messenger from the inhabitants of the villages belong to Allah, the messenger, kinsfolk, orphans, the needy, and the traveller. This is explained so that you do not just circulate it among those of you who are rich, take what the messenger gives you and abstain from what he forbids you. Be mindful of Allah, Allah is severe in punishment.” (Qur’an 59:7)

It is clear that the portion:

take what the messenger gives you and abstain from what he forbids you.”

is referring to the booty of war recovered which the messenger will distribute to those in need.

People take this portion of the verse and quote that part only, out of context, in an attempt to deceive people that the messenger has forbidden more things not found in the Qur’an.

Allah says the following with regards to these sorts who take portions of Allah’s verses, then deliberately hide or twist their meanings for vain gains:

Among them is a group who distort the Book with their tongues so that you think it is from the Book when it is not from the Book. They say, ‘it is from Allah’, but it is not from Allah. They tell a lie against Allah and they know it.” (Qur’an 3:78)

Even if one were to follow along with their misunderstanding that this part is referring to absolutely everything the messenger forbade and permitted, then the “messenger” does not forbid or command anything other than what is found in his “message“, the Qur’an, and what is against the Qur’an is against the messenger:

Messenger (رسول / Rasul)! Proclaim everything that has been sent down to you from your Lord – if you do not, then you will not have communicated His message (رسالة / Risala) ” (Qur’an 7:2)

This [Qur’an] is sent down from the Lord of all the worlds. If [the Prophet] had said anything against Us, We would certainly have seized his right hand and cut off his artery, and none of you could have defended him.” (Qur’an 69:43-47)

The occasion when the Prophet forbade himself or someone something outside of the Qur’an is also reprimanded:

Prophet, why do you prohibit what Allah has made lawful to you, in your desire to please your wives? Yet, Allah is forgiving and merciful…” (Qur’an 66:1)

Ramadan – Fasting Allow of Water

Types of Fasting in the Quran :

Food Fasting (Sawm ut Taam).
Money Fasting (Sawm ul Maal).
Word Fasting (Sawm ul Kalam).

UsuallyFasting means Food Fasting

Water is your body’s principal chemical component and makes up about 60 percent of your body weight. Every system in your body depends on water. For example, water flushes toxins out of vital organs, carries nutrients to your cells and provides a moist environment for ear, nose and throat tissues.

Lack of water can lead to dehydration, a condition that occurs when you don’t have enough water in your body to carry out normal functions. Even mild dehydration can drain your energy and make you tired.

Why Your Body Needs Water

You must have water in your diet. It is brimming with minerals and electrolytes, and you can’t live without it. Water is a solvent. It dissolves other substances and carries nutrients and other material (such as blood cells) around the body, making it possible for every organ to do its job.

A healthy body has just the right amount of fluid inside and outside each cell, a situation medical folk call fluid balance. Maintaining your fluid balance is essential to life. If too little water is inside a cell, it shrivels and dies. If there’s too much water, the cell bursts.

Your body is mostly (50 to 70 percent) water.

You need water to.

Digest food, dissolving nutrients so that they can pass through the intestinal cell walls into your bloodstream, and move food along through your intestinal tract.

Carry waste products out of your body.

Provide a medium in which biochemical reactions such as metabolism (digesting food, producing energy, and building tissue) occur.

Send electrical messages between cells so that your muscles can move, your eyes can see, your brain can think, and so on.

Regulate body temperature — cooling your body with moisture (perspiration) that evaporates on your skin.

Lubricate your moving parts.

As much as three-quarters of the water in your body is in intracellular fluid, the liquid inside body cells. The rest is in extracellular fluid, which is all the other body liquids, such as

Interstitial fluid (the fluid between cells)

Blood plasma (the clear liquid in blood)

Lymph (a clear, slightly yellow fluid collected from body tissues that flows through your lymph nodes and eventually into your blood vessels)

Bodily secretions such as sweat, seminal fluid, and vaginal fluids

Urine

Forming the link to life


All three phases of water – solid, liquid, and gas – form vital links to life. Liquid water accounts for two-thirds of our body weight. To stay healthy, we need about one litre (about one quarter) of water each day. Water helps blood and its components transport oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products through our circulatory system. Each time we exhale, water vapor leaves our bodies.


Water is  ALLOWABLE during Ramadan?

Food Fasting (Sawm ut Taam).

UsuallyFasting means Food Fasting

Sawm also carries a significant spiritual meaning. It teaches one the principle of love+: because when one observes fasting, it is done out of deep love for God and to learn self-restraint.

here’s why:?

Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to mankind,
also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one
of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if
any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later.
Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties.(He wants you)
to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you;
and perchance ye shall be grateful.
Quran 2:185

2:286 God does not burden any human being with more than he is well able to bear:
in his favour shall be whatever good he does, and against him whatever evil he does. O our
Sustainer! Take us not to task if we forget or unwittingly do wrong! “O our Sustainer!
Lay not upon us a burden such as Thou didst lay upon those who lived before us!

2:278 O our Sustainer! Make us not bear burdens which we have no strength to bear!
“And efface Thou our sins, and grant us forgiveness, and bestow Thy mercy upon us!
Thou art our Lord Supreme: succour us, then, against people who deny the truth!
I know 99.9% of Muslims will disagree with me.

Ramadan is all about abstaining from DESIRES: water is not a DESIRE.

Food, nourishing drinks such as juices, soups, alcohol (for those believers who choose to drink), sex, smoking…..ALL DESIRES.

Ones that can lead to uncontrollable and perhaps gluttonous behavior.
WATERNOT A DESIRE…but instead it is a NEED very much as AIR a need.
You do not crave water. You do not overindulge in water.

Even in the poorest of societies…WATER IS AVAILABLE…perhaps not always clean drinking water but it is available.

The number 1 need human beings require for survival is AIR..the number 2 is Water.

Unfortunately most of us Muslims are more apt to follow rigid rules and are less likely to question them. Questioning in Islam as in other religions — unfortunately — is believed be wrong or sacrilege.

The Quran says at Sunset eat and drink….

wakuloo washraboohatta yatabayyana lakumu alkhaytu al-abyadumina alkhayti al-aswadi mina alfajri thumma atimmoo assiyamaila allayli

And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night]. Then complete the fast until the sunset2:187

“(And we send down water from the sky according to (due) measure, and We cause it to soak in the soil; and We certainly are able to drain it off (with ease).

With it We grow for you gardens of date-palms and vines; in them have you abundant fruits: and of them you eat (and have enjoyment)” (Al-Mu’minun 23:18-19)

Yes DRINK of the desired liquids that nourish your body….the liquids that you may at times overindulge in.

Very important — because overindulgence is considered to be bad behavior.
I will repeat: You Do Not Overindulge In
Water!

To me this is plain and simple common sense….something that Islam is supposed to be built upon.

What Is Water?

Hydrogen and oxygen atoms comprise the basis of the water molecule. When two hydrogen and one oxygen atom bind together, water is formed. One molecule of water has two atoms of hydrogen (abbreviated H) and one atom of oxygen (abbreviated 0). The chemical formula for water is H20.

Water covers almost three-quarters of earth’s total surface-about 379 million square kilometers (146 million square miles). Water makes earth the “blue” planet; visually unique from all others in the solar system. Almost all plants, animals, and people need clean water to live a healthy life.

 

The Mention of Water in the Holy Quran : Arabic : Ma / Maya

H2O is a very familiar chemical formula to any high school student. We are so dependent on water that no one can deny its vital role in our life.

Its importance in forming the creation in all of its aspects in general and the living-creatures in particular, as well as human kind, animals and plants is evident to all. However, the Qur’an mentions water’s magnificence in forming all creation and making life in every living thing in the following passages:

 

“We sent down water from the sky, blessed water whereby We caused to grow gardens, grains for harvest, tall palm-trees with their spathes, piled one above the other – sustenance for (Our) servants. Therewith We gave (new) life to a dead land. So will be the emergence (from the tombs).” [Quran 50:9-11]

And (what means): “We sent down water from the sky in measure and lodged it in the ground. And We certainly are able to withdraw it. Therewith for you We gave rise to gardens of palm-trees and vineyards where for you are abundant fruits and of them you eat.” [Quran 23: 18-19]

And (what means): “We sent forth the winds that fecundate. We cause the water to descend from the sky. We provide you with the water – you (could) not be the guardians of its reserves.” [Quran 15:22]

And (what means): “(Allaah) is the One Who sends forth the winds like heralds of His Mercy. When they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a dead land. Then We cause water to descend and thereby bring forth fruits of every kind. Thus We will bring forth the dead. Maybe you will remember.” [Quran 7:57]

And (what means): “Hast thou not seen that Allah sent water down from the sky and led it through sources into the ground? Then He caused sown fields of different colors to grow.” [Quran 39:21]

And (what means): “Therein We placed gardens of palm-trees and vineyards and We caused water springs to gush forth.” [Quran 36:34]

This last statement is surely exactly what is mentioned in the Quran (chapter 39, verse 21) describing the way rainwater is conducted into sources in the ground.

The subject of chapter 24, verse 43, is rain and hail (which means):

“Hast thou not seen that God makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them a heap. And thou seest raindrops issuing from within it. He sends down from the sky mountains of hail, He strikes therewith whom He wills and He turns it away from whom He wills. The flashing of its lightning almost snatches away the sight.”

The following passage requires some comment (which means):

“Have you observed the water you drink? Do you bring it down from the rain clouds  Or do We? If it were Our will, We could make it salty. Then why are you not thankful?” [Quran 56: 68-70]

Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe? 21:30

Allah has created every [living] creature from water. And of them are those that move on their bellies, and of them are those that walk on two legs, and of them are those that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent. 24:45

And it is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days – and His Throne had been upon water – that He might test you as to which of you is best in deed. But if you say, “Indeed, you are resurrected after death,” those who disbelieve will surely say, “This is not but obvious magic.” 11:7

Ramadan – Eat and Drink But Waste Not By Extravagance

It is noted on most of fasting people that they make the season of Ramadan as a season of the banquets which are full of different kinds of food; and that they are extremely extravagant in this matter.

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

All the praises and thanks be to Allah, and peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah.

Fasting has a lot of morals among which is that the fasting Muslim should be economical in consuming his food and drink.

It is noted on most of fasting people that they make the season of Ramadan as a season of the banquets which are full of different kinds of food; and that they are extremely extravagant in this matter. They rush to the markets to buy delicious foods to most of which they are not familiar with at any other time except in Ramadan.

This leads to the wasting of money and fatiguing of the body in consuming a lot of food. Souls become lazy in performing acts of worship; long periods of times are wasted in shopping and preparing huge quantities of foods most of which are thrown in wastebaskets.

Such extreme preparation of most of the Muslims for Ramadan by diversifying and increasing foods and drinks is contrary to Allah’s order, contrary to the wisdom of fasting, contrary to preserving health, and contradictory to the rules of economy.

If such people were adopting the religious ethics, they would have been satisfied with their regular food and drink and would have spent the excess in the ways of charity that suit Ramadan, such as feeding the poor and orphans, breaking the fast of the needy fasting people and so on.

In most cases, each of these rich squanderers has a poor or a needy neighbor, who is more deserving for the charity of the rich neighbor.

If these rich have no such kind of neighbors, so let them give their surplus money to charities or to those who can spend it well on all charitable causes.

If the spendthrift rich do that, they will add a great means of nearness to Allah along with the means of nearness to Him by fasting; that is charity to the needy. This is an advantage to society as it brings hearts closer in this blessed month and makes all fasting persons feel that they are in the month of charity, mercy and brotherliness.

In addition, if man follows his desires to the extremes and devours all kinds of food; sweet and sour; cold and hot, he will suffer the bad consequences of misery and blight, lack and imbalance of health. Sometimes, it would be an obligation ordered by the advising physician to relieve the body systems, save some power for old age, maintain mild mood and well-manage the health.

This is the outstanding wisdom of fasting, so then, how are matters turned upside down? And how is the month of fasting made into a wide field for extravagant eating and drinking?

Allah Glorified and Exalted has said, {and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance,} [Surat Al-A’râf 7:31]

O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess. 7:31

Transliteration: wakuloo waishraboo wala tusrifoo

Mercy To Mankind

“And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a mercy to all the worlds.” 21:107
 
 
Muslim scholars quote 21:107 to support their claim that prophet Muhammad has been given special status and above all other messengers due to the fact that he was sent as a “mercy to all the worlds”.
 
 
This claim leads us to investigate four separate issues:
First– Does the Quran say that Muhammad was superior to other messengers?
Second– Is the phrase “sent as a mercy” used in the Quran exclusively in connection to Muhammad?

Third– What is the Quranic meaning of a mercy “sent to the worlds”?

Fourth– What is the significance of the words “to the worlds” in 21:107?

 

First: Does the Quran say that Muhammad was superior to other messengers?
The answer is no. When we read the Quran we note two important matters:
1– God commands Muhammad to say that he is not any different from other messengers:
Say (O Muhammad), “I am not different from other messengers”. I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only follow what is revealed to me. I am no more than a clear Warner.” 46:9
 
 
If Muhammad was superior to all other messengers, would God command him to say that he is not any different from other messengers?

  

2– God tells us in the Quran that He favored some messengers above others. A number of names are mentioned and they include Moses, Jesus and others, but Muhammad is not one of them which once again would not support the claim that he was superior to all others. The following verses are significant:

 

These messengers; we favored some above the others, some spoke to God (Moses) and we raised some of them to higher ranks. And we gave Jesus, son of Mary, profound miracles and supported him with the Holy Spirit” 2:253
 
The above verse speaks of how Moses was favored by the fact that he spoke directly to God, also the words “higher ranks” may refer to Idris (see 19:57); then we have Jesus who was also favored among other messengers since he was constantly accompanied by the Holy Spirit Gabriel.

Idris is mentioned twice in the Qur’an, where he is described as a wise man.

In chapter 19 of the
Qur’an,

God says:  “Also mention in the Book the case of Idris, He was a man of truth (and sincerity), (and) a prophet: And We raised him to a lofty station”. 19:56-57

Later, in chapter 21, Idris is again praised: “And (remember) Isma’il, Idris, and Dhul-Kifl,[13] all (men) of constancy and patience; We admitted them to Our mercy: for they were of the righteous ones.
 85-86
The same message is repeated in 17:55 without the mention of Muhammad’s name:
 
…. And we favored some prophets over others and we gave David the “zabur” (psalms).” 17:55

SecondIs the phrase “sent as a mercy” used in the Quran exclusively in connection to Muhammad?
 
 
Since God’s messengers are sent to deliver a message and guidance from God it follows that all God’s messengers are sent as an act of mercy from God to mankind.

In the following verse for example we read how Jesus was also sent as a sign of mercy from God:

He said, “Thus said your Lord, `It is easy for Me. We will render him (Jesus) a sign for the people, and mercy from us. This is a predestined matter.” 19:21
 
 
Hence, those who claim that Muhammad had the exclusive blessing of being sent as a “mercy” to the world only show their ignorance with the Quran.

 

 
ThirdWhat is the Quranic meaning of a “mercy sent to the world”?
 
Every prophet brings a scripture from God. This scripture contains guidance to the people from God and it is the guidance within the scripture that provides the mercy sent from God.
Muhammad delivered the Quran from God, and it is the Quran which is an act of mercy to the people and not the person of Muhammad himself.
 
 
The same applies to all other prophets who delivered a scripture from God. The Quran tells us that the sole duty of all messengers is to deliver God’s message (5:92) and thus all mercy is embodied in the scripture they deliver.

All scriptures sent from God contain guidance and healing for the souls as well as mercy for the people.

And obey Allah and obey the Messenger and beware. And if you turn away – then know that upon Our Messenger is only [the responsibility for] clear notification. 5:92

 
The following verses speak of the mercy which was sent with the Torah:
 
As for those who are given solid proof from their Lord, reported by a witness from Him, and before it, the book of Moses has set a precedent and a mercy, they will surely believe.”11:17
 
When Moses‘ anger subsided, he picked up the tablets, containing guidance and mercy for those who reverence their Lord.”7:154
 
All the following verses confirm that the mercy we received (through Muhammad) was in the Quran itself:
 
The day will come when we will raise from every community a witness from among them, and bring you as the witness of these people. We have revealed to you this book to provide explanations for everything, and guidance, and mercy, and good news for the submitters.” 16:89
 
We send down in the Quran healing and mercy for the believers. At the same time, it only increases the wickedness of the transgressors.” 17:82
 
FourthWhat is the significance of the words “to all the worlds” in 21:107?
 
  “And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a mercy to all the worlds.” 21:107
The words in 21:107 address Muhammad and describes the mercy sent with him as a mercy “to all the worlds”. When we compare this to 19:21 which speaks about the mercy sent with Jesus, we find that in 19:21 the words “all the worlds” are not used‘.

He said, “Thus said your Lord, `It is easy for Me. We will render him (Jesusa sign for the people, and mercy from us. This is a predestined matter.” 19:21
This distinction has not escaped the eyes of those who made the above claim using it to further support their ascertain that Muhammad was superior to all other messengers since he was sent as a mercy to “all the worlds” coupled with the that the phrase has not been mentioned in the Quran in connection with other messengers.
 
However, after we have witnessed all the Quranic verses reviewed under the Third section above, the reason for this distinction becomes clear. We now know that the mercy sent with a messenger is embodied in the scripture he delivers and not in his person (11:17, 7:154, 16:89, 17:82).

As for those who are given solid proof from their Lord, reported by a witness from Him, and before it, the book of Moses has set a precedent and a mercy, they will surely believe.”11:17
When Moses’ anger subsided, he picked up the tablets, containing guidance and mercy for those who reverence their Lord.”7:154


The day will come when we will raise from every community a witness from among them, and bring you as the witness of these people. We have revealed to you this book to provide explanations for everything, and guidance, and mercy, and good news for the submitters.” 16:89
We send down in the Quran healing and mercy for the believers. At the same time, it only increases the wickedness of the transgressors.” 17:82
 ‘
We also know that all previous scripture were intended for specific people and for specific times. However, the Quran is the final scripture to be sent by God (33:40),  and is thus for “all the worlds” and for all time.

Thus the mercy spoken of in 21:107 which is contained in the scripture delivered by Muhammad, is correctly described as a mercy to “all the worlds”.

Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing
.” 33:40
———————————-

Indeed, in this [Qur’an] is notification for a worshipping people
21:106
And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a mercy to all the worlds.” 21:107

To conclude, the glorious words in 21:107 confirm the nature of the mercy which God sends to mankind and it also confirms that this mercy is sent with all messengers and not just Muhammad. Finally it confirms that the mercy is embodied in the scripture which the messenger delivers and not in the person of the messenger.

One who is desirous of attaining perfection in knowledge, should have no concern with immoral acts but derived from the Quran and teachings of other scriptures.

So if you are in doubt, [O Muhammad], about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you. The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so never be among the doubters. 10:94

Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. 13:11

EID Mentioned in the QURAN

Unknown to many Muslims, the term ‘Eid‘ has never been used by the Quran to mark
the end of Ramadan or to celebrate the conclusion of the fasting period.

Before we take a look at how the Quran uses the word ‘Eid‘, it is to be noted that there
is absolutely nothing wrong with coming together, participating in wholesome
festivities within social groups and upholding traditions which don’t impinge on
Islamic values. Eid is no different.

However, to understand these festivities such as ‘Eid‘ as being part of ‘ordained’
religion instituted by God, when there is absolutely no support for this in the Quran, is
quite a different matter.

Albeit an extremely pleasant festivity, it is to be appreciated that Eid remains a
traditional‘ celebration and not a ‘religious‘ one ordained by the Quran.

For example, the requirements to fast in the month of Ramadan, to pay ‘zakat‘ and to
establish ‘salah‘ are not learnt by ‘prophetic sunna‘ or tradition. These are clear
directives instituted by the Quran as are many other prescriptive laws and edicts.
There is absolutely no ‘religious‘ prescription to celebrate ‘Eid‘ in the Quran.

The reason for fasting in the month of Ramadan is also at times misunderstood. The Quran makes it absolutely clear that the reason for fasting is to magnify the greatness
of God in that He has guided believers by way of the Quran and to render Him thanks.

002:185
...and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt
the
 greatness of God for His having guided you and that you may give thanks”

USING ISOLATED QURANIC VERSES TO JUSTIFY THE RELIGIOUS
REQUIREMENT FOR THE EID FESTIVITY

010.057-58
“O mankind! There has come to you a direction / instruction / admonition (Arabic:
mawizatun) from your Lord and a healing for what is in your breasts, and for those
who believe, a guidance and a Mercy. Say “In the bounty of God and in His Mercy, in
that let them rejoice (Arabic: yafrahu)”: That is better than the (wealth) they hoard”

It is asserted by some Muslims, that the above verse by way of encouraging believers to
rejoice, commands them to participate in the festivity of Eid as an occasion to
celebrate the revelation of the Quran.

Quite apart from the above verse having a general context, where believers are asked
to rejoice (on no specific day) for the guidance given, there is absolutely no Quranic
justification to make use of this verse to support the religious requirement for a
dedicated day of Eid.

Furthermore, the word ‘Eid‘ is well known to the Quran and is not the term used here.

COMMEMORATING THE ‘LAST SUPPER‘ – A CHRISTIAN FESTIVAL

The term ‘Eid‘ has only been used once in the entire Quran and possibly in the context
of the Eucharist which is the Christian ceremony which commemorates the Biblical
Last Supper of Prophet Jesus.(pbuh) According to the New Testament, the festival is
celebrated by Prophet Jesus’s (pbuh) followers as per his instructions to remember
him.

According to the Quran, Prophet Jesus (pbuh) in response to an initial request made
by his disciples (5:112), prayed to Almighty God that He send from heaven a table
spread (with food) as a festival (Eid). This festival would constitute a sign from God
from the ‘first to the last of them

5:112 Ith qala alhawariyyoonaya AAeesa ibna maryama hal yastateeAAurabbuka an yunazzila AAalayna ma-idatan mina assama-iqala ittaqoo Allaha in kuntum mu/mineen

5:112 [And remember] when the disciples said, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said,” Fear Allah , if you should be believers.”


5.114

Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah ,our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread,
that there may be for us a festival (Arabic: Eid(an)) for the first and the last of us
and a sign from You; and provide for our sustenance, for You are the best Sustainer
(of our needs).””

Qala AAeesa ibnu maryama allahummarabbana anzil AAalayna ma-idatan mina assama-itakoonu lana AAeedan li-awwalina waakhirinawaayatan minka warzuqna waanta khayru arraziqeen

Despite fasting being ordained in the month of Ramadan for the believers to render
thanks to God for His guidance, many Muslims still stand aloof from studying the
Quran and extracting its message. This somewhat dismissive approach leaves them
oblivious to the Quran’s real contents, its exquisite arguments, guidance, directives
and at the mercy of religious leaders.

In effect, the very purpose of fasting seems to be neglected. It is quite one thing to
thank God for His guidance by virtue of revealing the Quran and quite another to put
that very Quran aside in a nonchalant manner.

More pertinent questions to be asked at the end of the fasting period would be:

Did one study the Quran, its verses, its content and ardently seek guidance from it? or
did many attempt to read and listen to it in a language many Muslims don’t even
comprehend? (Please see related article below).

Did one do ‘Tadabbur‘ with the Quran as instructed by it? ‘Tadabbur4:82, 23:68,
38:29, 47:24 i.e. research / ponder intently till the matter is clear.

Did one feel spiritually renewed and cleansed after reading, reflecting and pondering
over the Quranic verses?

Did one acquire a sense of patience, humility, abstention from worldly lusts and did
one increase in God consciousness?

In the end, did one really fulfil the purpose of ‘Ramadan‘, the reason why it received
the title ‘blessed‘ and why one fasted?

FINAL THOUGHTS

So why do Muslims really celebrate Eid?

Has the MuslimUmmah‘ lost the true essence of what may have once been a noble
tradition, where celebrations were solely for thanking God for the Quran after reading,
studying its content and gaining God consciousness?

As true essence and spiritual meanings possibly become obfuscated in what are
known as ‘religious‘ traditions, quite ironically, it takes guidance from the Quran to
take one back to first principles.

Complete Verses :

5:110 [The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.”

5:111 And [remember] when I inspired to the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My messenger Jesus.” They said, “We have believed, so bear witness that indeed we are Muslims [in submission to Allah ].”

5:112 [And remember] when the disciples said, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said,” Fear Allah , if you should be believers”

5:113 They said, “We wish to eat from it and let our hearts be reassured and know that you have been truthful to us and be among its witnesses.”

5:114 Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah ,our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread, that there may be for us a festival (Arabic: Eid(an)) for the first and the last of us and a sign from You; and provide for our sustenance, for You are the best Sustainer (of our needs).””

5:115 Allah said, “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.”

5:116 And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.

5:117 I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.

5:118 If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

5:119 Allah will say, “This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness.” For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great attainment.

5:120 To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent.